Cave Churches

Cave Churches

The Dark Church Karanlik Kilise – Goreme
The Snake Church Yilanli Kilise

The Snake Church Yilanli Kilise

The Snake Church (Yilanli Kilise)

Was a hermit who lived in the egyptian desert during the 4 th and 5 th centuries. He was originally a monk in a monastery, but he left a vocation to live a solitary life and left to live in the  desert. He suffered severaly from hunger and thirst From hot temperatures and from stong temptation. He lived  for seventy years with nothing but a loincloth of foliage for cover. . It is named for the frescoe of Saints Theodore and St George slaying the dragon (or snake as depicted in the frescoe). The church also has a frescoe of Emperor Constantine and his mother Saint Helena depicted holding the True Cross. Legend has it that she discovered the cross upon which Jesus was crucified after seeing it in a dream, and that a piece of the cross is still buried in the foundations of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. Other sections of the cross are in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and in St. Peter’s in Rome. Another interesting portrait is the one of Saint Onuphrius on the upper wall to the right of the entrance. The saint lived the life of a hermit in the Egyptian desert near Thebes, Egypt and is usually depicted with a long gray beard and wearing only a fig leaf.

Aynali Church

Aynali Church

Ayvali Church – Avanos

Avanos is 18 km (11 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. In spite of the fact that it seems quite difficult to guess in which century the first frescoes were made, when the other examples are taken into consideration, it is thought that this church was built in the 9th century. In the church which consists of two layers, the frescoes included in the first layer and the frescoes included in the second layer belong to different layers.In the South chapel, there are scenes from the life of Jesus and from the Bible. It is thought that this section was used for celebrations.  In the scenes in the North chapel, however, scenes related with death are included. The north chapel whose frescoes are livelier is also known as a graveyard chapel.The church, whose frescoes were ruined as it was transformed into a pigeon house, has very interesting frescoes. The scene in which the deathbed of Virgin Mary is depicted is one of the leading scenes worth seeing.  In this scene in which the Apostles are present, Jesus receives Virgin Mary’s soul which is depicted by means of a baby coming out of the mouth.

Balikli Church – Avanos

Avanos is 18 km (11 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The cell-shaped chapel which is located on the right the entrance of Uzumlu Church whose chapel was most probably built in the 10th century is a church that is single naved, consisting of a main semi-circle and with cradle vault,  on whose sides there are platforms to sit on.

In the main semi-circle, while there is a depiction of Jesus standing in a red frame, holding a book in one hand and being sanctified with the other, and there is simple triangle – circle rows with dots inside, the vault side of the church is decorated with a Maltese Cross made by drawing and with circles.

Direkli Church – Ihlara Valley

Direkli Church – Ihlara Valley

Direkli Church – Ihlara Valley

Direkli Church is 73 km (45 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is located on the west side of the Melendiz Stream. As you follow the road down to Belisırma Village from the west, on your right side you will find the church. The Church has been constructed as a Greek Cross and used as a monastery. The Church is situated on six columns and if has a central dome and three apsises. Since the Church is situated on the columns it was named as Direkli Church. By the help of the consecration script it is understood that the Church was built on 11th century. The frescoes are really damaged. There are only geometrical motives in the funeral ceremonies area. It is thought that these motives have been drawn during the Iconoclasm period (726-843). One of the good health frescoes is Pant acrator Jesus Christ and it is attractive.

Tatlarin Church – Acigol

Tatlarin is 20 km (12 mile) far to Nevsehir. It is presumed that Tatlarin Church which is located right beside the Tatlarin Underground City was built in the11th century. In the church whose entrance has been ruined, there are the portraits of the nine Saints and the person who had the church built apart from the frescoes of Jesus and Virgin Mary. Dark grey has been used as the background color of the church whose frescoes have been protected quite well and scenes have been separated from one another with partitions, and in depictions, however, purple, mustard color and red have been used.

Saint Basil Church – Avanos

Tokali Church

Tokali Church

Saint Basil Church is 18 km (11 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The Church is located in the western side of Gomeda Valley. On the walls of the western naves of the Church, there are semi-embossed pillars and niches over which are decorated with red ochre. It is one of our churches which attract attention with this aspect.

On the ceiling, there is a large picture of a cross in a large size, surrounded by painted geometric and plant motifs; and according to the inscription on the corniche, it symbolizes Saint Constantine. In front of the semi-circle, Saint Basil and Saint Gregory from Nazianus who are two important Saints have been depicted.

In the eastern nave, geometrical designs and plant motifs have been predominantly given place. On the side of this nave that overlooks the Gomeda Valley, there is a grave whose gate is in a ruined condition and which is presumed to belong to a person who had made contributions to this church.

A border with the motifs of palm tree leaves has been made to the main semi-circle of the east nave, and has been decorated with three Maltese crosses on which the names of the Patriarches of the period were written. Moreover, apart from the names on these crosses, it is known that the cross in the middle symbolizes Abraham, and the others symbolize Isaac and Jacob.

Uzumlu Church (The church of grapes) – Zelve

Uzumlu Church (The church of grapes) – Zelve

Uzumlu Church (The church of grapes) – Zelve

The church of grapes is 20 km (13 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum.Uzumlu Church is located in the east of a natural yard of a  Monastery in the third valley of Zelve.  Together with Geyikli Church, it is one of the biggest churches of the area…

Over the entrance gate of Uzumlu and Balikli Church whose entrance has been ruined, we see the figure of Virgin Mary sitting on a throne with Jesus depicted as a child in her lap. Inside a circle in the cross vault which is partly ruined, however, there is the depiction of the Archangels Michael and Gabriel carrying Maltese crosses.

Vaftizci Church – Zelve

Vaftizci Church is 20 km (13 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church, which is located in Zelve region 1 km from Paşabağ and 5 km from Avanos , exhibits a plain appearance in crème colors…  When we enter the church, we see arch shaped sections surrounding it on the right and on the left. The areas right under these sections and those looking like holes were designed as sections where people were baptized…

On the walls of the church in which we almost do not see any frescoes, the re are motifs made by carving like straps from end to end…

Vaftizci Yahya Church – Cavusin

Vaftizci Yahya Church is 21 km (13 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum.The facade of the church which is one of the oldest and the most magnificent churches  in the area, and which is presumed to have been built between 964 – 965  is in a ruined condition due to erosion. Behind the entrance carved into a rock, there is a triple basilica dedicated to John the Baptist.

The church, which is located in the Çavusin area, finds favor with the depiction in the wall pictures of the famous narrative of “Salome’s dance” which caused John who baptized Jesus to be killed. It is also one of the churches which attract attention due to the fact that the relics belonging to Saint Hieron in the Byzantine period are preserved in this church.The church, which draws attention with the red colored frescoes in the front facade and the iron stairs, is one of the most interesting churches in terms of its frescoes.  Apart from these; there are also the frescoes of Michael and Gabriel at the entrance of the church.

Cistern Church (Sarnıc Kilise) – Goreme

Cistern Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church is located 200 meters from the Karabulut Church and used as a cistern for a time. You can still the traces of water inside the church. It is very remarkable to reach so many vivid frescoes in the upper side of the single apse church.  One of the outstanding features of the church is the depicts of Saints in medallions.

Carikli Churches Goreme Cappadocia

Carikli Churches Goreme Cappadocia

Carikli Kilise (The Church with Sandals) – Goreme

The Church with Sandals is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is called as Carikli Kilise (The Church with Sandals) because of the footprints at the bottom of the Ascension fresco. The church takes attention to the similarity of the Dark Church and the Apple Church. Carikli is separated from others with two different depicts.  Scenes of the crucifixion of Jesus and the revelation of the cross. These depicts are portrayed long and big and are thought the same as the one contained at the “Church of the Ascension” in Jerusalem. The refectory which is under the church is shaped as the rock carved out like a long, thin table and seating. There is also “The Last Supper” fresco in a niche which is very meaningful to be depicted in the refectory.

In addition to the scenes of Jesus, “the three Hebrew boys in the fire “, portraits of saints and the founder of the church have been preserved to the present day.

The three Hebrew boys in the fire: This fresco is depicted near to the “Abraham’s hospitality”. This fresco symbolizes three young men and those who sacrificed himself for the sake of faith and their liberation of the miraculous power of God. In this respect, the fresco shows parallels with the life of Abraham so “three Hebrew boys in the oven” and “Abraham’s hospitality” is used for the portrayal of the integrity of the subject.

Durmus Kadir Church – Goreme

Durmus Kadir Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church which is located on Goreme Uchisar road in Uzundere Valley takes its name from the owner of the garden in front of the church. An example of two-storey churches of the period applied to the rock. Due to the use of as a pigeon house for many years preserved it well. Durmus Kadir Church which has no frescoes, built of cut stone and has the most beautiful examples of embossed decorations. The rectangular formed Durmus Kadir Church is different from the others with a dais so-called ambon in the middle of it. Ambon in Durmus Kadir Church is very important because it is the only example of being preserved in the rock churches of Cappadocia. The church is very impressive with rectangular columns in the main venue and has many large and small tombs carved into the walls at the entrance.

El Nazar Church – Goreme

El Nazar Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. El Nazar Church is located on the Goreme – Open Air Museum road and in the Gorkundere Valley. It is one of the most interesting structures of the region, carved into a tent-shaped rock and in the centre of the attraction of tourists. The floor of the church is completely destroyed and opened to visitors after an intensive renovation work. The frescoes in El Nazar Church are very important by beginning the portrayal from the childhood of Jesus until the risen of Christ by chronological.

Despite the erosion, the frescoes of El Nazar which are in a big harmony with the ambient are well-preserved. Also there is a depict of Jesus ascending into heaven on a rainbow in the middle dome of the church. However, the Emperor Constantine and his mother Helen’s figures worth a visit for a visual feast.

Elmali Church – Goreme

Elmali Church Goreme

Elmali Church Goreme

Elmali Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. There are depictions of Archangel in the seven domes of Elmali Church which has nine domes and in the same group with Karanlik Church and Carikli Church called “Columnar Churches”. The real entrance is at south but today the entrance of the church is through a tunnel at north.

The reason the church is called Elmali Church (Elmali Church) is the depiction of Archangel St. Michael in the dome which is in front of the main semi-circular. In this depiction St. Michael holds a spherical thing in his hand which is thought an apple. In the most of the frescoes, Gabriel carries a fishbowl in his left hand.

All entrances were closed for a long time as it was used as a pigeon house therefore the frescoes are still in a good shape. The Church depicted at two different periods which was understood from frescoes and The Cross made of red paint and the geometric patterns under the frescoes. The red and blue shades are dominated in the frescoes and the clothes are well – figured.

Walls of the church are divided into two transverse lanes and the upper side has scenes from the life of Jesus but is not at chronological order. There are depicts of saints at the bottom lane. There are also depicts of “Abraham’s hospitality” and “Three Hebrew Boys in the Fire” from the Torah (Old Testament) at the bottom lane.  Depict of four Bible authors in the come is very remarkable. It is also possible to see drawings which means fish (Ichthus – ichthys  ) ΙΧΘΥΣ in Greek and symbolizes Jesus. Fish drawing is usually used by people who want to indicate their belief in secret way.

Isimsiz Church (The Newly Found Church) – Goreme

The Newly Found Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church is one of the churches worth seeing with its embossments, engravements and handiwork. The church, which is also called as “the newly found church”, was coincidentally found as a result of opening the pigeon houses located at the entrance of Guvercinlik (Pigeonry) Valley in 2006.  In the church, whose research has not been able to be made academically yet, the engravings and the embossments filled with green and blue colors have constituted cohere nce.

Karabulut Church – Goreme

Karabulut Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. To reach the valley where the church is, you must follow the Urgup – Nevşehir main road for 10 km and turn from the entrance of the Zemi valley on the right. This place is called “Babacik”.  You can get to the church by following the 100 meter path on the left after walking 2.5 km in the valley from the “Babacik” district. The entrance to the church is very difficult and the frescoes are not damaged for this reason.

The Dark Church (Karanlik Kilise) – Goreme

The Dark Church (Karanlik Kilise) – Goreme

The Dark Church (Karanlik Kilise) – Goreme

Karanlik Kilise is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir   centurum. The Dark Church was named for the low amount of light that penetrates the interior and the church was entirely decorated with frescos. It was built in the 11th century and it has four columns and three domes including a big one. Due to insufficient daylight frescoes preserved their vitality until today. The frescoes are important in combining some periods of the life of Jesus and by portraying them in a specific order. The church also has a tomb.

Compared with the other churches of Cappadocia, The Dark Church is devoid of narrative feature. The life cycle of Jesus was given in 15 scenes. 5 of them are belonging to his childhood, 2 of them are about his adulthood and 8 of them are about his suffering era. These scenes are not in the clockwise loop which is used in other churches. These scenes generally describes three periods: Gospel (Gabriel appears to the virgin Mary and foretelling the birth of Jesus ), birth and suffering era. (For detailed information see “Scenes Described in Churches”)

During the Ottoman period it was used as a pigeon house until 1950s. It too k 14 years to clean the frescoes.

Karsi Bucak Church – Pigean Valley – Goreme

Karsi Bucak Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church, which is located in Göreme and which is characterized by being a rock carved church, consists of three sections.  The space right in the east of the altar was used as the main place of worship.Because of the fact that the church is in a point that receives sunlight, its frescoes are not in a very good condition today. On the opposite walls of the entrance section (nartex) of the church decorated with red and white shades, we see cross motifs.

Meryem Ana ( Kiliclar Kusluk ) Church – Goreme

Meryem Ana ( Kiliclar Kusluk ) Church – Goreme

Meryem Ana ( Kiliclar Kusluk ) Church – Goreme

Virgin Mary Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. You have to get permission from Göreme Open Air Museum to visit the church. Virgin Mary Church which is located in the beginning of the slope in Kılıçlar Valley is one of the most magnificent structures in Göreme and takes its name from the frescoes of Virgin Mary. Virgin Mary Church is closed since 1976 because of the reason of main entrance collapse and a narrow and low tunnel is used for the entrance.
The frescoes of the church were decorated with geometric shapes and checkerboard pattern and they are in good condition today. There are frescoes of Virgin Mary and four scenes of the bible cycle. There are depicts of Gabriel and Michael under the fresco of Virgin Mary holding Baby Jesus in her hands. There is a depict of St. Basileos who is considered one of three important saints of Cappadocia on the left apse.

Meskendir Church – Goreme

Meskendir Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum.The chapel located in front of Meskendir Church, which is situated at the end of Meskendir Valley and at the beginning of Kızılçukur Valley,  and a small part of which is intact is used as the entrance of the church. On the ceiling of the Chapel, we see a big cross made by engraving. Besides the cross part of which is still intact at the present day, the embellishments of the church also look magnificen.  Apart from these embellishments directly made on rock w ith red paint, the church which is covered with various embossments and geometric decorations also has a dining hall in the north.

Nunnery Monastery (Rahibeler Kilisesi) – Goreme

Nunnery Monastery is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. Rahibeler Monastery is a six floor building. There is a dining hall, kitchen and some rooms on the first floor, a ruined chapel with a fresco on the second floor, and on the third floor a church which can be reached through a tunnel. Except the northeastern corner of the church roof, the dome and the walls have geometrical decorations painted with red paint directly onto the rock.The different floors of the monastery are connected by tunnels, and “millstone doors” were used to close off these tunnels in times of danger. There is “Monastery of Priests” across the “Nunnery”. Only a few rooms on the ground floor can be visited because of the damage between the tunnels that connect the floors.

Sacred Church (Sakli Church) – Goreme

Sacred Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is near the El Nazar Church and on the left side of the Zemi Valley and has taken this name to remain concealed until 1957 due to the landslides. The flat ceiling of the church is very remarkable. The flattened ceiling is full of cross motifs. In addition to this, these crosses are ornate crosses as seen in early church era.

The church which was built in 11th century is quite different in terms of painting style of frescoes. The frescoes which are adorning the church were not drawn on the plaster but to the main rock directly. Analyzing the painted cloth pieces which were found around the church gave us an important knowledge about the church. The frescoes that adorning the church were painted with these cloth pieces.

The frescoes of the Hidden Church which are similar to the frescoes of Yusuf Koç Church are generally red color in dominant. One of the frescoes in the church, “Veronica`s Handkerchief” stands out with its color and preserved situation.
Veronica`s Handkerchief : According to the legend, while Jesus Christ was walking on the streets of Jerusalem with a barbed wire to crucify, people throw stone to him. Face covered with blood because of stone and barbed wire a woman named Veronica approached to Jesus. Veronica cleaned the Je sus` face with the handkerchief. It is believed that his face had appeared on this handkerchief and that handkerchief is sacred.

St. Barbara Chapel – Goreme

St. Barbara Chapel – Goreme

St. Barbara Chapel – Goreme

St. Barbara Chapel is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. St. Barbara Chapel is located the rock block behind the Apple Church. Although it is dated to second half of 11th century, it was decorated with the thought of iconoclastic. The figures of the frescoes are directly applied to the rocks with red paint which give a different mood. Along with the rich geometric motifs on the walls and the dome, the presence of mythological animals and military symbols; it also has animal figures thought to represent magical powers of which meanings cannot be exactly determined. It is also popular with an inscription with prayer.

Swords Church (Kiliclar Kilisesi) – Goreme

Swords Church (Kiliclar Kilisesi) – Goreme

Swords Church (Kiliclar Kilisesi) – Goreme

Swords Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. Goreme Valley is considered birthplace of monastery education system and later  it can also be seen in Ihlara and Soganli Valleys.
Goreme Open Air Museum is located in Goreme National Park. It has been carved out of the soft volcanic rocks and it is composed of large and small churches, monasteries, Byzantine Church architecture and the most important works of religious architecture.
The hilly area due to the distance to the main roads,  was used to escape and to be protected from the Byzantium suppression and to hide by Christians. The worship places in the region were built in the valleys and stream beds where it is hard to be found. The worships in the region were built in the form of small he rmitage rooms.

Buckle Church (Tokali Kilise) – Goreme

Buckle Church (Tokali Kilise) – Goreme

Buckle Church (Tokali Kilise) – Goreme

Buckle Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. Tokalı Church is the largest rock – hewn church in Göreme and is formed of four chambers: the Old Church, the larger New Church, the Paracclesion, and the Lower Church. Tokalı Church is important with an underneath church.

Buckle which is known as the most magnificent church in Cappadocia and located under the Old Tokalı (Tokalı I.) is the most interesting church in terms of expressions of frescoes, proportion of subjects, color selection and sequence. And has a very high quality in these terms.

Old Tokalı was built in the 10th century. It is called as “ ” as religious scenes follow each other like a storyboard and stylized human figures, hand, arm and body movements were followed by a specific schema. The frescos are generally dominated by blue and red colors. The most important thing that distinguish this church from the others is the lapis ground of scenes`.

The other important feature of the Tokalı Church which is said having its name from the big sphere hanging from the ceiling is seen a version of Sistine Chapel of the Vatican in Cappadocia.

The Church with Grapes (Uzumlu Kilise) – Goreme

The Church with Grapes (Uzumlu Kilise) – Goreme

The Church with Grapes (Uzumlu Kilise) – Goreme

The Church with Grapes is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum.  Nevşehir possesses the feature of being one of the most important centers where vine cultivation has been made for centuries in Anatolia.  This situation can easily be seen in a majority of the depicts included in the structures in the region of Cappadocia. It is possible to see the best example of the figures related to the grapes in Uzumlu Church (the Church with Grapes), as is evident from its name.

The ceiling of the Church has a rich embellishment.  The cross motif consisting of a circle and rectangle on an orange colored background, the grape bunches around it and geometrical motifs have been portrayed. Due to the fact that the walls of the upper section are partly ruined, the embossed cross situated on the ceiling can easily be seen from outside.

If you, too, want to see this different church with walls decorated with grape and cross motifs, Uzumlu Church (the Church with Grapes) in Urgup awaits you.

The Snake Church (Yilanli Kilise) – Goreme

The Snake Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is known as The Snake Church because of frescos which are about four sinner women attacked by snakes on its western walls. It has also portraits of some reputable Cappadocian Saints on the both sides of the church`s vaults.

The story of Saint Onuphrius who gave her name to the church is: Onuphrius who was a loose woman sworn off living like that and was a repentant. She begged God to protect her from the men. God uglified her with beard and moustache and sanctified her as saint.

With interesting snake figures and frescoes about historical people The Snake Church is a place flocked by tourists every year.

Yusuf Koc Church – Goreme

Yusuf Koc Church is 17 km (10 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church takes its name from the owner of the bond which is located in the private property in Avcılar locality in Goreme and the church remained closed to visitors for a long time. For this reason the frescoes cannot get lighter and are extremely lively. The columns have been cut off in the church as it was used as a pigeon house in the past. The four walls of Yusuf Koc Church covered with dense frescoes and despite the small size of the church, it is the only church adorned with frescoes in Avcılar district. The church contains dense depictions of Saints and can be reached by a metal stair. On the right side of the entrance there is a depict of Constantine and Helana holding a cross on the hand, and there are depicts of Gabriel and Michael on the right wall. Although the destruction, the names of the Saints can be read. The founders of the church the wife-the husband and their sons are pictured in various parts of the church. At the front of the apse it is possible to see bishops with scarf. The two crosses on these bishops` collars take attention. You can see the Virgin Mary has Jesus in the lap at the apse and the depicts of the bishops standing side by side at the bottom. You can also see Seraphim (six-winged a ngels) at the pendentives of the church.

Aziz Jean Church – Gulsehir

Aziz Jean Church is 18 km (11 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. This two-storey building is at the entrance of Gulyazi and the dome of the building has collapsed. There are wine cellars, water channels and tombs at the first floor and there is a church with depicts from the Bible at the second floor. Saint Jean whose name was given to the church is one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. Depicts are about stylized animal, geometric figures and crucifix which are applied to the walls directly with red paint.

Sivasa Church – Gulsehir

Sivasa Church is 18 km (11 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The church, which is located in Gokcetoprak village of Gulsehir town which is 20 km from Nevşehir, appears like a very small cave. The frescoes of the church, whose altar has small sections on the right and on the left, are not in a very good condition today.

Ayios Vasilios Church – Mustafapasa

Ayios Vasilios Church is 26 km (16 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. Ayios Vasilios Church, which is known to be the only rock church in Cappadocia that has been illustrated until the beginning of the 20th century, consists of two sections divided from one another with a row of pillars .

While there are the pictures of Jesus on the ceiling of the Church, on the walls, there are the pictures of Saints and Apostles included in a medallion. It is possible to go underground by means of a stairs inside the Church, and to reach Beylerderesi through this passage.

Firinasma Church – Nevsehir

Firinasma Church is 7 km (4 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. Located inside Firinasma Valley, which is subject to Çat Town, the church was built in the 11th century. The cross which has been engraved on the ceiling of the church with three storeys is quite interesting.  Moreover, it is also possible to see the wild pigeons, among the wonders of nature of Cappadocia region.

Church With The Cross (Hacli Kilise) – Ortahisar

Church With The Cross (Hacli Kilise) – Ortahisar

Church With The Cross (Hacli Kilise) – Ortahisar

Church With The Cross is 15 km (9 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum.You can reach the church to which a cross symbol has been engraved similar to Balikli, Uzumlu and Geyikli churches, by passing to the first valley over the second valley because of the fact that the entrance of the first valley has been closed due to the rock collapses.

Hacli Kilise (Church with the cross )  St. Agathangelus Church, Church with the Cross is located in Red Valley and it is usually confused with Church with the Three Crosses in Rose Valley. The church located on top of hill can be reached by a narrow path. The hill where Hacli Kilise is located also has a fabulous view of the valley. The church has a single nave and apsis in synthronon style.

It is located in the far left draw of the Gulludere valley about 2 km from the village of Cavusin. It was founded at the mouth of the draw on top of a steep slope.

The design of the nave is square with a flat ceiling and it has a single broad apse. The apse was added in the 9th or 10th century to the main structure dating back to the 6th – 7th century. There are 2 or 3 layers of frescoes in the apse which indicates that it was painted regularly. Symbols of Gospel authors are drawn symmetrically and are sitting on the right and left of an enthroned Jesus.

In the middle of the flat ceiling is the relief of a cross in the middle of a circle surrounded with palm leaves and garlands. This sort of relief most likely belongs to the Iconoclastic period. The people of the area had a great love for the cross and it continued to be used as a motif after the Iconoclastic era because it symbolized the “Holy Cross” in Jerusalem.

Archangel Monastery – Urgup

Archangel Monastery is 33 km (20 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. The monastery, which is not very big and which has not been protested well, is located in Cemil Village of Urgup. We also see a mosque next to the monastery included among the houses carved into the rocks.

Because Archangel Monastery, which we can see many frescoes on the facade and inside, has not been protected well, there are many writings on the frescoes.

 Pancarlik Church (Kilisesi) – Urgup

Pancarlik Church (Kilisesi) – Urgup

Pancarlik Church (Kilisesi) – Urgup

Pancarlik Church is 21 km (13 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is believed that the church, which is located in Pancarlik Valley on the right of Urgup – Mustafapasa road, was built in the first half of the 11th century. It has a flat ceiling, a single nave, and consists of a single main semi-circle.

The Wall pictures in the Church mostly have a green background and they have been protected quite well. In the first stage, it was thought that the frescoes were made by two different artists in different periods, but, when they are examined carefully, one can realize that they are works of art made by the sa me artist. In the frescoes created with scenes following one another on a certain system, there are the depictions of the Saints and the miracles.

PLACES TO VISIT IN CAPPADOCIA

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