Kaymaklı Underground City museum is 20 km (12 mile) far to Nevsehir centurum. It is located in Kaymaklı village, 19 km form Nevsehir and 4 floors of this 8-floor underground city are opened to visit. That is to say, you can visit the underground city with total depth of 40 m until the 4th floor of 20 m depth.
In addition to the animal shelter on the 1st floor, there are small rooms constructed for daily life and a church. On the 2nd floor, there is a church with an adjoining graveyard. 3rd floor of the city is larger and has fresher atmosphere compared to others. On this floor which is used as cellar, there are many partitions to store wine, wheat and flour. Wine making areas and kitchen are also located on this floor. Redundancy and development of the production, exploitation and storage areas on the 4th floor prove that residents of the underground city maintained their daily works on the surface later in the underground as well.
Although not totally uncovered, richness of the found parts indicates that this city was one of the most populated underground cities. It is possible to access this city through a tunnel from every house in the village and some parts are still used as cellar, store and barn by the local people, which looks really interesting.
This the widets underground city of cappadocia region, it was carved out underneath a rock hill (Kaymakli Castle).
The first three floors were probably carved out by Hittites about 2000 B.C. After that; Assyrians, Lycians, Persians, Kimmerians settled down in the region.
By the forth century B.C. the world famous greek comander Alexander the great occupied the region and become dominant. İn the year of 1000 B.C. Cappadocia Kingdom was established. The kingdom made war against Mecodomans, Galatians, Romans and Pontuses.
The Romans occupied the region in the beginning of the 1st. Century B.C. Roman empire accepted Christran Religion in 376 A.D.
Before that romans didn’t have official religion, Eraly Christian suffered a lot from the romans, Pagans and arab invaders. There fore they refugied in the Underground cities and they enlarged them.
Kaymakli Underground city was opened to the public in 1964. People of the town built their housed around the underground city and they linked their houses to the underground city with the underground tunnels.
First floors of the underground city served as stables for the domestic animals, because upper floors were higher and convenient for this use. On the second floor a lying down blocking stone, some living rooms, cometery and Christian Church are available.
On the third floor too many storage rooms, mill stone to make flour, wineries to make wine and wine cellars to store wine. In some of the wine cellars, some of the broken wine jugs can be seen.
PLACES TO VISIT IN CAPPADOCIA
- Goreme Open Air Museum: cave churches with frescoes
- Pasabag: mushroom-shaped fairy chimneys, monks valley
- Devrent: animal-shaped fairy chimneys, imagination valley
- Ihlara Valley: the deepest gorge of Anatolia
- Uchisar: Roman rock-cut castle
- Ortahisar: Roman rock-cut castle
- Avanos: center of pottery since the Hittites
- Zelve Open Air Museum: a cave town with churches
- Kaymakli Underground City: the largest underground city
- Derinkuyu Underground City: the deepest underground city
- Hacibektas: center of Bektasi sect of Islam
- Gulsehir: first settlements in Cappadocia
- Cave Churches: churches located in the valleys
- Caravanserais: 13th century hotels on the silk road