Everybody thinks that tulips come from Holland. In the 16th Century they were brought to Holland from Turkey, and quickly became widely popular. Today Tulips are cultivated in Holland in great numbers and in huge fields. Dutch bulbs, including tulips and daffodils, are exported all around the world so people thinks that it’s originated from there as well. In fact, many cultivated varieties were widely grown in Turkey long before they were introduced to European gardens.
In the 17th century the overgrown interest and high popularity of Tulips brought a sort of “Tulipmania” in Holland. Especially in 1637, bulbs were highly praised and prices gone up day by day reaching extraordinary numbers. Bulbs were sold by weight, usually while they were still in the ground. Some examples could cost more than a house at this time. The Dutch government unsuccessfully tried to outlaw this commerce but couldn’t do anything to stop it, the trade was all about access and demand. But the end of the game came quick: Over-supply led to lower prices, dealers went bankrupt, many people lost their savings, and the tulip market crashed.
Also in the Turkish history Tulip played an interesting role. The period between 1718-1730 was called the “Tulip Era”, under the reign of Sultan Ahmed III. This period is also expressed as an era of peace and enjoyment. Tulips became an important style of life within the arts, folklore and the daily life of the Turkish people. Many of the embroidered and textile clothing handmade by woman, as well as many carpets, tiles, miniatures etc. had tulip designs or shapes. Large tulip gardens around the Golden Horn were frequented by upscale people. Also, the first printing house was founded by Ibrahim Müteferrika in Istanbul. The Tulip Era was brought to an end after the Patrona Halil revolt in 1730, ending with the dethronation of the Sultan.